3.How does Gollum guess that Bilbo has his ring? 4.How do the goblins know that someone is at the gate? 5.Which of the dwarves is the most surprised to see bilbo? Vocabulary subterranean (78) unbeknown (79) flummoxed (79) chestnut (81, 83) antiquity (86) Discussion and Essay topics.How are bilbo and Gollum alike? (Their motives for the riddle-game,. 80; their ability to guess each other's riddles; their abilities underground; their living in holes.) Can you call Gollum evil? Discuss the concept that Gollum is the negative side of Bilbo, with which he must come to terms before he can achieve his identity. (To bring home the concept of the negative side, compare this chapter and luke skywalker's descent into the cave during his training by yoda, in The Empire Strikes Back.).What skills does Bilbo show in dealing with Gollum?
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2."It is not unlikely that they (goblins) invented some of the machines that have since troubled the world, especially the ingenious devices for killing large numbers of people at once. P.70) Can you take this statement seriously? Why do you think fantasy is often anti-technological? (It seeks to emphasize the importance of personal effort.) Chapter 5: "Riddles in the dark" toddler Summary lost and alone inside the misty mountains, bilbo gathers his courage. He finds a ring and puts it in his pocket. Then he encounters Gollum, a loathsome but pathetic creature. They play a riddle-game to determine if Gollum will show Bilbo the way out or eat him instead. Bilbo wins the contest, but Gollum then realizes that Bilbo has his ring, essay which confers invisibility. Bilbo follows Gollum to the surface and evades the goblins guarding the gate. Comprehension questions.How does Bilbo know his sword was made by elves? 2.Why is it good that Bilbo lost his matches?
(It gives depth to the secondary Creation.) Chapter 4: "Over Hill life and Under Hill" Summary As they cross the misty mountains, a storm drives the expedition into a cave, where they are attacked by goblins. Bilbo and the dwarves are captured and driven into the goblins' underground halls. There gandalf rescues them and slays the Great Goblin, but as they flee from the goblins Bilbo is knocked unconscious. Comprehension questions.Why does the expedition take shelter in the cave? 2.Why isn't Gandalf captured? 3.What do goblins usually do with their prisoners? Vocabulary deception (64) shirk (69) quaff (69) inconveniencing (71) gnash (71) Discussion and Essay topics.What does Tolkien tell us about goblins? (Their sounds and actions, but nothing about their appearance except that they have hands, heads, teeth and flat feet.) Because he does not describe their appearance, we must use our imaginations, and this involves us more actively in the fantasy. Discuss what you think goblins look like, and what in the book gives you that idea.
Elrond explains Thror's Map to short the dwarves and identifies Gandalf's and Thorin's swords as the famous blades Orcrist and Glamdring, made by elves for the ancient goblin wars. Comprehension questions.Why is rivendell hard to find? 2.When is Durin's day? Vocabulary drear (55) glade (57) faggot (58) bannock (58) palpitating (60) cleave (61) Discussion and Essay topics.What is the difference between professional the way bilbo and the dwarves react to rivendell? How does Elrond feel about the expedition, and what does he say about the dwarves' love of gold and the wickedness of dragons? What values are important to the elves? What is the effect of giving a detailed history of a minor character?
Throughout the story, the best way to evaluate bilbo's development is by comparing him to the dwarves. At this point (Chapter 2 bilbo's only skill is his stealth. He is as easily disheartened by rain and discomfort as the dwarves, and his attempt to steal the troll's purse, like his original decision to come on the expedition, is motivated by an irrational pride. Still, as a reward for surviving the adventure and finding the trolls' key, bilbo receives the first of two talisman, his short sword. Gandalf's role in all this is crucial. As Bilbo's mentor, he reserves his power for situations that Bilbo cannot yet-or ever-deal with. Rescue by gandalf is therefore a sign of Bilbo's lack of skill or knowledge. Bilbo's conduct during later adventures, when Gandalf is not present, will show how much he has progressed. Chapter 3: "A Short Rest" Summary The expedition comes to rivendell, where Elrond and his elves live in the last Homely house.
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Critical Commentary: quests and the development of the hero The hobbit follows the typical pattern of the quest in many ways. Like most quest heroes, bilbo begins the story ignorant and untried, and he the undergoes a series of preliminary adventures which help him in two ways. First, they give him the opportunity to learn about the world and the extent and proper use of his own powers. Second, they bring him the friends and talisman that he will need in order to prevail in his greatest adventure, the culmination of his quest. Because in a well-constructed quest story the development of wisdom and self-restraint is equally as important as the growth of physical prowess, the quest story (as Bettleheim points out in The Uses of Enchantment) is often concerned with maturation, and the lessons it teaches are. The specific moral of an individual quest story can usually be found by examining two areas: the hero's motivation for acting, and the final reward he achieves.
The most obvious indication of a hero's development-the skills he acquires-can be misleading, for most quest stories are concerned more with virtue (which can be defined as the proper application of whatever skills or powers are available) than with the skills themselves. Bilbo, for example, never becomes a "hero" in the conventional sense (see. 33 for Gandalf's definition of a hero). In part this is because he accepts the fact that he is too small to become a warrior, but more importantly it is because he deplores violence and lacks ambition for power. While the ending of The hobbit-in which Bilbo finds that each assumed culminating adventure in fact leads to further complications-is a variation on the typical quest pattern, bilbo's journey to Erebor is a skillful realization of this pattern.
Chapter 2: "Roast Mutton summary, thorin and Company set off on their expedition, and Bilbo joins them. At first things go well, but on the first rainy night they seek shelter and blunder into three trolls. Bilbo and the dwarves are captured by the trolls, but Gandalf outwits them and they turn to stone at daybreak. The expedition plunders the trolls' hoard. Gandalf and Thorin take swords, bilbo, takes a small knife, and they bury the trolls' gold.
Comprehension questions.What are the terms of Bilbo's contract? 2.How does Bilbo know that the three people are trolls? 3.How is Bilbo caught? 4.How does Gandalf rescue bilbo and the dwarves? 5.What do they take from the trolls' hoard? Vocabulary esteemed (41) paraphernalia (42) applicable (48) Discussion and Essay topics.Why is it important that Gandalf is not present when the expedition meets the trolls? E trolls are evil, bestial, and disgusting. But do they seem mostly human or nonhuman? strength or intelligence more valuable so far in this book?
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What readers find attractive is a matter of dillard personal taste, but they are likely to paperwork discard a fantasy as irrelevant unless they can find a common perspective from which to assess the attractiveness. In general, these common perspectives are established in one of three ways: the main character is transported from our world into the fantasy world (like alice to wonderland the main character is a native of the fantasy world with whom the reader can easily identify;. American teenagers will not automatically identify with a fussy English country squire like bilbo, so the success of The hobbit depends on a tension between familiar and exotic things that must be established in the first few pages. The first sentence, "In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit introduces a strange creature and an apparently unattractive setting. But the next paragraphs deny this initial reaction. Hobbits love comfort in much the same way we do; they are fond of visitors, food, and clothing; they have families and relatives; some are richer than others-in short, they are very human. By the fourth paragraph hobbits seem normal, and other folk-dwarves, fairies, and Big people-are strange. From here on, adventures take place in a world beyond Bilbo's doorstep, a world which seems as strange to him as it does. We share not only his sense of wonder, but also the values that make him love his home.
What causes his "Baggins" side to reemerge (pp. Is the essay baggins side timid or practical? Is the tookish side heroic, curious or proud? Even this early in the book, we can see some of the characteristics of dwarves. (make sure you include proud, formal, hard- working, and devoted to treasure with a "fierce and jealous love. What are dragons like (p.35)? As you read on, think about the differences and similarities between dwarves and dragons. Critical Commentary: Entering a fantasy world. A fantasy novel must offer two things: an attractive fantasy world, and a point of contact between the fantasy world and our own.
if he still reminds you of one. What is an adventure? Is it something that happens, or is it the way we react to what happens? Can we live without adventures? Is there any "magic" in this book? (Return to these questions as the book progresses.). Explain all the meanings of "good morning" (pp. What about adventures awakens Bilbo's "tookish" side (pp.
2.What kind of mark does Gandalf put on Bilbo's door? 3.How many dwarves biography come to tea? 4.What does Thorin wear to distinguish himself from the other dwarves? 5.What two things does Gandalf give thorin? 6.How did the dwarves lose their treasure and kingdom? Vocabulary audacious (29) rune (32) abreast (32) legendary (34) obstinately (34) prudent (34) remuneration (34) necromancer (37 discussion and Essay topics. What does the word hobbit make you think of? (The possibilities include rabbit, hobby, babbit, habit and hob.
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The following texts are the property of their respective authors and we thank them for giving us the opportunity to share for free to students, teachers and users of the web their texts will used only for illustrative educational and scientific purposes only. The information of medicine and health contained in the site are of a general nature and purpose which is purely informative and for this reason may not replace in any case, the council of a doctor or a qualified entity legally to the profession. The hobbit Chapter guides, chapter One: "An Unexpected Party summary. We are introduced to hobbits and to bilbo baggins, a stay-at-home, utterly respectable hobbit with a secret desire for adventure. Bilbo receives a visit from Gandalf the wizard. The next Wednesday gandalf returns for tea, bringing with him a party of thirteen dwarves led by Thorin oakenshield. Despite misgivings on both sides, on Gandalf's recommendation the dwarves hire bilbo as Burglar on an expedition to the lonely mountain, where they plan to recover their ancestral treasure from the dragon Smaug. Comprehension questions.What is Gandalf's reputation?