Within the wikipedia community, thisis often phrased as "verifiability, not truth" to express the ideathat the readers are left themselves to check the truthfulness ofwhat appears in the articles and to make their own nally, wikipedia does not take a side. All opinions andviewpoints, if attributable to external sources, must enjoyappropriate share of coverage within an article. Wikipedia editorsas a community write and revise those policies and guidelines andenforce them by deleting, annotating with tags or modifying articlematerials failing to meet them. (see also deletionism andinclusionism). Contributors, registered or not, can take advantage of featuresavailable in the software that empowers wikipedia. The "History"page attached to each article contains every single past revisionof the article, though a revision with libelous content, criminalthreats or copyright infringements may be removed afterwards. Thefeature makes it easy to compare old and new versions, undo changesthat an editor consider undesirable, or restore lost content. The"Discussion" pages associated with each article are used tocoordinate work among multiple editors.
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Except for a fewvandalism-prone pages that can be edited only by administrators,every article may be edited anonymously or with a user account, while only registered users may create a new article. Consequently, wikipedia "makes no guarantee of english validity" of its content. Wikipedia also does not censor itself, and it contains materialsthat some people, including wikipedia editors, may findobjectionable, offensive or pornographic. For instance, in ralph 2008,wikipedia rejected an online petition against the inclusion ofMuhammad's depictions in its English edition, citing this e presence of politically sensitive materials in wikipedia hadalso led China to block the access to parts of the site. Content in wikipedia, however, is subject to the laws (inparticular copyright law) in Florida, united States, wherewikipedia servers are hosted, and several editorial policies andguidelines that are intended to reinforce the notion that wikipediais an encyclopedia. Each entry in wikipedia must be about a topicthat is encyclopedic and thus is worthy of inclusion. A topic isdeemed encyclopedic if it is "notable in the wikipedia jargon;i.e., if it has received significant coverage in secondary reliablesources (i.e., mainstream media or major academic journals) thatare independent of the subject of the topic. Second, wikipedia mustexpose knowledge that is already established and recognized. Inother words, it must not present, for instance, new information ororiginal works. A claim that is likely to be challenged requires areference to reliable sources.
The wikimedia foundation was created from wikipedia and Nupediaon June 20, 2003. It applied to the United States Patent andTrademark Office to trademark wikipedia on September 17,2004. The mark short was granted registration status on January 10, ademark protection was accorded by japan on December 16, 2004,and in the european Union on January 20, 2005. Technically aservice mark, the scope of the mark is for: "Provision ofinformation in the field of general encyclopedic knowledge via theInternet". There are plans to license the use of the wikipediatrademark for some products, such as books or dvds. Nature of wikipedia editing model. Unlike traditional encyclopedias such as EncyclopÃdiaBritannica, no article in wikipedia undergoes formalpeer-review process and changes to articles are made availableimmediately. No article is owned by its creator or any othereditor, or is vetted by any recognized authority.
Nupedia and wikipediacoexisted until the former's servers went down permanently in 2003,and its text was incorporated into wikipedia. English wikipediapassed the 2 million-article mark on September 9, 2007, making itthe largest encyclopedia ever assembled, eclipsing even the yongleEncyclopedia (1407 which had held the record for exactly 600years. Citing fears of commercial advertising and lack of control in aperceived English-centric wikipedia, users of the Spanish wikipediaforked from wikipedia to create the Enciclopedia libre inFebruary 2002. Later that year, wales announced that wikipediawould not display advertisements, and its website was moved towikipedia. Various other projects have since forked fromwikipedia for editorial reasons. Wikinfo does not require neutralpoint of view and allows original research. New wikipedia-inspiredprojects - such as Citizendium, Scholarpedia, conservapedia andGoogle's Knol - have been started to address perceived limitationsof wikipedia, such as its policies on peer review, originalresearch and commercial advertising.
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Nupedia wasfounded on March 9, 2000, under the ownership of Bomis, Inc, a webportal company. Its main figures were jimmy wales, bomis ceo, andLarry sanger, editor-in-chief for Nupedia and later pedia was licensed initially under its own Nupedia open ContentLicense, switching to the gnu free documentation License beforewikipedia's founding at the urging writing of Richard Stallman. Larry sanger and Jimmy wales are the founders of wikipedia. While wales is credited with defining the goal of making a publiclyeditable encyclopedia, sanger is usually credited with thecounter-intuitive strategy of using a wiki to reach that goal. OnJanuary 10, 2001, larry sanger proposed on the nupedia mailing listto create a wiki as a "feeder" project for Nupedia.
Wikipedia wasformally launched on January 15, 2001, as a single English-languageedition at m, and announced by sanger on theNupedia mailing list. Wikipedia's policy of "neutral point-of-view"was codified in its initial months, and was similar to nupedia'searlier "nonbiased" policy. Otherwise, there were relatively fewrules initially and wikipedia operated independently ofNupedia. Wikipedia gained early contributors from Nupedia, slashdotpostings, and search engine indexing. It grew to approximately20,000 articles, and 18 language editions, by the end of 2001. Bylate 2002 it had reached 26 language editions, 46 by the end of2003, and 161 by the final days of 2004.
A wiki is a world wide web application that allows people toadd, modify, and delete content in a collaborative way. Wikipedia is a made up word. Wiki combined with"pedia" suggests an encyclopedia that's a wiki. Wikipedia (pronunciation ) is a free, multilingual encyclopedia project operated by the non-profitwikimedia foundation. Its name is a portmanteau of the words wiki (a technology for creating collaborative websites)and encyclopedia. Wikipedia's 10 million articles, about aquarter of which are in English, have been written collaborativelyby volunteers around the world, and almost all of its articles canbe edited by anyone who can access the wikipedia website.
Launchedin 2001 by jimmy wales and Larry sanger, it is currently thelargest and most popular general reference work on theInternet. Critics of wikipedia target its systemic bias andinconsistencies and its policy of favoring consensus overcredentials in its editorial process. Wikipedia's reliability andaccuracy are also an issue. Other criticisms are centered on itssusceptibility to vandalism and the addition of spurious orunverified information. Scholarly work suggests that vandalism isgenerally short-lived. In addition to being an encyclopedic reference, wikipedia hasreceived major media attention as an online source of breaking newsas it is constantly updated. When Time magazine recognized"You" as its Person of the year 2006, praising theaccelerating success of online collaboration and interaction bymillions of users around the world, wikipedia was the firstparticular "Web.0" service mentioned, followed by andMySpace. Wikipedia began as a complementary project for Nupedia, a freeonline English-language encyclopedia project whose articles werewritten by experts and reviewed under a formal process.
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(588 house words) 2) Outline of the essay, causes. Unemployment among graduates would be the lack of professional connections. Unemployment among graduates would be the lack of experience. Fresh graduates often do not have any practical experience of work Trend of many fresh graduates seeking high income and professional jobs. Causes of unemployment may also be due to economic crisis and recession. Effects, financial problems of many fresh graduates who do not have any source of savings or income. The effect of unemployment would include the loss of valuable skills and talent of fresh graduates.
And in a situation where it goes on for too long routine the person may have to lose some of his/her skills that is critical to their success in their field of study. To further complicate the situation, the longer the unemployed graduate is out of job the more difficult it becomes to find a new one. Employers find employment gasps as a negative aspect. No one wants to hire a person who has been out of work for some time even when theres no fault of the individual per say. In conclusion, if the unemployment issue among graduates is not solved, creation of problems to the unemployed graduates, nations, society and even the country will certainly arise. Furthermore, if the nations unemployment continues to be severing, riots and insurgency will be occurring across the country and halting the country trading. A significant lost towards the nation will arise due to this serious problem. Therefore, more on-job training, internships, proper guidance and counselling will help many graduates understand the causes of unemployment.
now, we will write a custom essay sample on Graduate unemployment specifically for you. For only.38.9/page, hire Writer, we will write a custom essay sample on Graduate unemployment specifically for you. For only.38.9/page, hire Writer, unskilled and inexperienced workers such as fresh university graduates will suffer unemployment due to the fact that most employers will be looking for professional workers with a certain set of working skill to maintain the companys performance during. (Will Kimball, 2014) Effects of unemployment among graduates would be primarily financial issues. Graduates usually do not have enough savings or source of a stable income to support themselves, majority of them will face insufficient use of money daily. With the lost income and the frustration involved in it, the recently unemployed may develop negative attitudes toward common things in life and may feel that all sense of purpose is lost. Also, the effect of unemployment would include the loss of valuable skills and talent of fresh graduates. The unemployed is not able to put his/her skills to use.
They are in a constant search for a common connection that can fit in a vacant position in his organisation. Another cause of unemployment among graduates would be shmoop the lack of experience. Fresh graduates often do not have any practical experience of work. (Heidi, 2014) The lack of experience interrupts their job application and causes a significant delay in their employment. The career portfolio of a graduate is important to make up with his/her inexperience. They can attend on-job training programs and internships to demonstrate their working skill and talent in looking for a suitable job. Besides that, the causes of unemployment may also be due to economic crisis and recession.
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The rising unemployment rate among fresh university graduates today is an upsetting trend. Now spondylolisthesis the pool of unemployed graduates is rising to worrying levels even in some high-growth economies. This is due to several factors or causes that result in the increase of the unemployment rate today. This article brings and discusses the main causes and issues/effects on the unemployment of many fresh graduates. It is expected that this study of unemployment will achieve the objective and highlights of some important issues which relate to unemployment in graduates. The main cause of unemployment among graduates would be the lack of professional connections. (Alyssa davis, 2014) For a fresh graduate, it is not often easier to find valuable contacts to recommend a job or get recommended. A valuable connection not only guides them in right direction but also helps fresh graduates to step into a job easily. Employers are followers of technology.