The publication of data by the United States Census Bureau in 2003 revealed that Hispanics were the largest minority in the United States and caused a flurry of press speculation in Spain about the position of Spanish in the United States. Citation needed That year, the Instituto cervantes, an organization created by the Spanish government in 1991 to promote Spanish language around the globe, established a branch in New York. 17 geographic distribution edit see also: Languages of the United States and List. Cities by Spanish-speaking population Spanish-speakers in the United States year Number of native spanish-speakers Percent of us population 1980 11 million.3 million.1 million million million 13 sources: In total, there were 36,995,602 people aged five or older in the United States who spoke spanish. 22 Current status edit Although the United States has no de jure official language, english is the dominant language of business, education, government, religion, media, culture, civil society, and the public sphere. Virtually all state and federal government agencies and large corporations use English as their internal working language, especially at the management level.
Speak, more, than, one, language, are
Between the 18th and early 19th centuries, there were many european immigrants who went to venezuela, only to later migrate to the United States along with their children and grandchildren who were born and/or grew up in Venezuela speaking Spanish. From 1910 to 1930, it is estimated that over 4,000 south Americans each year emigrated to the United States; however, there are few specific figures indicating these statistics. Many venezuelans settled in the United States with hopes of during receiving a better education, only to remain there following graduation. They are frequently joined by relatives. However, since the early 1980s, the reasons for Venezuelan emigration have changed to include hopes of earning a higher salary and due to the economic fluctuations in Venezuela which also promoted an important migration of Venezuelan professionals to the. S, dissident Venezuelans migrated to south Florida, especially the suburbs of Doral and Weston. Citation needed Other main states with Venezuelan American populations are, according to the 1990 census, new York, california, texas (adding to their existing Hispanic populations new Jersey, massachusetts and Maryland. 16 Refugees from Spain also migrated to the. Due to the Spanish civil War ( ) and political instability under the regime of Francisco Franco that lasted resume until 1975. The majority of Spaniards settled in Florida, texas, california, new Jersey, new York city, chicago, and puerto rico.
The exodus of Salvadorans was a result of both economic and political problems. The largest immigration wave occurred as a result of the salvadoran civil War in the 1980s, in which 20 to 30 percent of El Salvador 's population emigrated. About 50 percent, or up to 500,000 of those who escaped, headed to the United States, which was already home to over 10,000 Salvadorans, making Salvadoran Americans the fourth-largest Hispanic and Latino American group, after the mexican-American majority, stateside puerto ricans, and Cubans. As civil wars engulfed several Central American countries in the 1980s, hundreds of thousands of Salvadorans fled their country and came to the United States. Between 19, the salvadoran immigrant population in the United States increased nearly fivefold from hotel 94,000 to 465,000. The number of Salvadoran immigrants in the United States continued to grow in the 1990s and 2000s as a result of family reunification and new arrivals fleeing a series of natural disasters that hit El Salvador, including earthquakes and hurricanes. By 2008, there were about.1 million Salvadoran immigrants in the United States. Until the 20th century, there was no clear record of the number of Venezuelans who emigrated to the United States.
The cuban revolution of 1959 created a community of Cuban exiles who opposed the communist revolution, many of whom left for the United States. In 1963, the ford foundation established the first bilingual education program in the United States for the children of Cuban exiles in miami-dade county, florida. The Immigration and Nationality Act lab of 1965 boosted immigration from Latin American countries, and in 1968, congress passed the bilingual Education Act. 10 Most of these one million Cuban Americans settled in southern and central Florida, while other Cubans live in the northeastern United States; most are fluent in Spanish. In the city of miami today spanish is the first language mostly due to cuban immigration. Likewise, the nicaraguan revolution promoted a migration of Contras who were opposed to the socialist government in Nicaragua, to the United States in the late 1980s. Citation needed most of these nicaraguans migrated to Florida, california and Texas.
They form majorities and large minorities in many political districts, especially in California, arizona, new Mexico, and Texas, the American states bordering Mexico, and also in south Florida. Mexicans first moved to the United States as refugees in the turmoil of the mexican revolution from 19101917, but many more emigrated later for economic reasons. The large majority of Mexicans are in the former Mexican-controlled areas in the southwest. At over 5 million, puerto ricans are easily the second largest Hispanic group. Of all major Hispanic groups, puerto ricans are the least likely to be proficient in Spanish, but millions of puerto rican Americans living in the. Mainland nonetheless are fluent in Spanish. Puerto ricans are natural-born. Citizens, and many puerto ricans have migrated to new York city, orlando, philadelphia, and other areas of the eastern United States, increasing the Spanish-speaking populations and in some areas being the majority of the hispanophone population, especially in Central Florida. In Hawaii, where puerto rican farm laborers and Mexican ranchers have settled since the late 19th century, seven percent of the islands' people are either Hispanic or Hispanophone or both.
Speaking more than one language is a superpower!
10 The first California constitutional convention in 1849 had eight Californio participants; the resulting state constitution was produced in English and Spanish, and it contained a clause requiring all published laws and regulations to be published in both languages. 12 One of memoire the very first acts of the first California legislature of 1850 was to authorize the appointment of a state Translator, who would be responsible for translating all state laws, decrees, documents, or orders into Spanish. 13 14 But the state's second constitutional convention in 1872 had no Spanish-speaking participants; the convention's English-speaking participants felt that the state's remaining minority of Spanish-speakers should simply learn English; and the convention ultimately voted 46-39 to revise the earlier clause so that all official. 12 SpanishAmerican War (1898) edit further information: SpanishAmerican War In 1898, consequent to the SpanishAmerican War, the United States took control of Cuba and puerto rico, the Philippines and guam as American territories. In 1902, cuba became independent from the United States, while puerto rico remained. The American government required government services to be bilingual in Spanish and English, and attempted to introduce English-medium education to puerto rico, but the latter effort was unsuccessful. 15 In 1917, the American Association of teachers of Spanish and Portuguese was founded, and the academic study of Spanish literature was helped by negative attitudes towards German due to world War.
From 1942 to 1962, the Bracero program would provide for mass Mexican migration to the United States. 10 Once puerto rico was granted autonomy in 1948, even mainlander officials who came to puerto rico were forced to learn Spanish. Only 20 of puerto rico's residents understand English, and although the island's government had a policy of official bilingualism, it was repealed in favor of a spanish-only policy in 1991. This policy was reversed in 1993 when a pro-statehood party ousted a pro-independence party from the commonwealth government. 15 Modern mass migration edit The relatively recent but large influx of Spanish-speakers to the United States has increased the overall total of Spanish-speakers in the country.
In 1836, the now largely "American" Texans fought a war of independence from the central government of Mexico and established the republic of Texas. In 1846, the republic dissolved when Texas entered the United States of America as a state. Per the 1850. Census, fewer than 16,000 Texans were of Mexican descent, and nearly all were Spanish-speaking people (both Mexicans and non-Spanish European settlers who include german Texan ) who were outnumbered (six-to-one) by English-speaking settlers (both Americans and other immigrant Europeans ). Citation needed After the mexican War of Independence from Spain, california, nevada, arizona, utah, western Colorado and southwestern wyoming also became part of the mexican territory of Alta california.
Most of New Mexico, western Texas, southern Colorado, southwestern Kansas, and the oklahoma panhandle were part of the territory of Santa fe de nuevo méxico. The geographical isolation and unique political history of this territory led to new Mexican Spanish differing notably from both Spanish spoken in other parts of the United States of America and Spanish spoken in the present-day united Mexican States. Mexico lost almost half of the northern territory gained from Spain in 1821 to the United States in the mexicanAmerican War (18461848). This included parts of contemporary texas, and Colorado, arizona, new Mexico, wyoming, california, nevada, and Utah. Although the lost territory was sparsely populated, the thousands of Spanish-speaking Mexicans subsequently became. The war-ending Treaty of guadalupe hidalgo (1848) does not explicitly address language. However, the English-speaking American settlers who entered the southwest established their language, culture, and law as dominant, to the extent it fully displaced Spanish in the public sphere. In 1855, california declared that English would be the only medium of instruction in its schools; the newly admitted state of New Mexico followed suit in 1891 to mandate that all of its schools teach in English only.
Is speaking more than one language a skill?
When louisiana was sold to the United States, its Spanish, louisiana Creole people and Cajun French inhabitants became. Citizens, and continued to speak spanish or lab French. In 1813, george ticknor started a program of Spanish Studies at Harvard University. 10 Annexation of Texas and the mexicanAmerican War edit Spanish language heritage in Florida dates back to 1565, with the founding of saint Augustine, florida. Spanish was the first European language spoken in Florida. In 1821, 11 after Mexico's War of Independence from Spain, texas was part of the United Mexican States as the state of coahuila y tejas. A large influx of Americans soon followed, originally with the approval of Mexico's president.
Augustine, florida, and as of the early 1800s, it became the oldest continuously occupied European settlement in what is now the United essay States. In 1898, san juan, the capital of puerto rico, became the oldest city in all of the. Territory: juan Ponce de león founded San juan in 1508. Historically, the Spanish-speaking population increased because of territorial annexation of lands claimed earlier by the Spanish Empire and by wars with Mexico and by land purchases, while modern factors continue increasing the size of this population. In 1819 Florida was transferred by Spain to the United States via the AdamsOnís Treaty ; many Spanish settlers, whose ancestors came from Cuba, andalusia, and the canary Islands, became. Citizens and continued to speak spanish. Louisiana purchase (18031804) edit further information: louisiana purchase In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, land claimed by Spain encompassed a large part of the contemporary. Territory, including the French colony of louisiana that was under Spanish occupation from 1769 to 1800, and then part of the United States since 1803.
States in the first half of the 19th century, the Spanish language was later reinforced in the country by the acquisition of puerto rico in 1898. Later waves of emigration from Mexico, cuba, el Salvador and elsewhere in Hispanic America to the United States beginning in the second half of the 19th century to the present-day have strengthened the role of the Spanish language in the country. Today, hispanics are one of the fastest growing ethnic groups in the United States, thus increasing the use and importance of American Spanish in the United States. Contents History edit juan Ponce de león ( Santervás de campos, valladolid, spain ). He was one of the first Europeans to arrive to the current United States because he led the first European expedition to Florida, which he named. Spanish was the first European language spoken in the territory that is now the United States. See also: History of Hispanic and Latino Americans Early Spanish settlements edit Spanish was among the very first European languages spoken in North America, preceded only by Old Norse. Spanish arrived in the territory of the modern United States with Ponce de león in 1513. In 1565, the Spaniards founded.
According to the 2012 American Community survey conducted by the. Census Bureau, spanish is the primary language spoken at home.3 million people aged five or older, more than twice that of 1990. 8 9, the Spanish language has been present in what is now the United States since the 16th and 17th centuries, with the arrival. Spanish colonization in North America. Colonizers settled in areas that would later become the states of Florida, texas, colorado, new Mexico, arizona, nevada, utah, and California. The Spanish explorers explored areas of 42 lab future. States leaving behind a varying range of Hispanic legacy in the north American continent.
Why is it useful to speak more than one language
Spanish language distribution in the United States by county as of 2000. The, spanish language in the United States has forty-five million, hispanic and Latino Americans that speak spanish as their first, second or heritage language, 1 and there are six million, spanish language students in the United States. 2 making it the second most spoken language of the United States. With over 50 million native speakers and second language speakers, the United States now has the second largest Spanish-speaking population in the world after Mexico, 3 although it is surgery not an official language of the country. Spanish is the most studied foreign language in United States schools and is spoken as a native tongue by 41 million people, plus an additional 11 million fluent second-language speakers. 5, about half of all American Spanish speakers also assessed themselves as speaking English "very well" in the 2000. 6, the United States is among the Spanish-speaking countries that has its own Academy of the Spanish Language. 7, there are more Spanish-speakers in the United States than speakers. French, german, italian, hawaiian, varieties of Chinese and, native american languages combined.