The sit-down was an effective way to strike. When workers walked off the job and picketed a plant, management could bring in new workers to break the strike. If the workers stayed in the plant, management could not replace them with other workers. This photograph shows the broken windows at General Motors' Flint Fisher Body Plant during the Flint sit-down strike of 1936-37. Source Strikers guarding window entrance to fisher body plant number three. Source toward Los Angeles, california.
Day, i found Out, my life, was Hanging by a thread
Source Squatter camp, essay california, november 1936. Source during the Great Depression, unemployment was high. Many employers tried to get as much work warming as possible from their employees for the lowest possible wage. Workers were upset with the speedup of assembly lines, working conditions and the lack of job security. Seeking strength in unity, they formed unions. Automobile workers organized the. (United Automobile workers of America) in 1935. General Motors would not recognize the. As the workers' bargaining representative. Hearing rumors that. Was moving work to factories where the union was not as strong, workers in Flint began a sit-down strike on December 30, 1936.
Family write has been on relief in Arizona but refused entry on relief roles in Iowa to which state they wish to return. Nine children including a sick four-month-old baby. No money at all. About to sell their belongings and trailer for money to buy food. "We don't want to go where we'll be a nuisance to anybody." Children of migrant workers typically had no way to attend school. By the end of 1930 some 3 million children had abandoned school. Thousands of schools had closed or were operating on reduced hours. At least 200,000 children took to the roads on their own. . Source people living in miserable poverty, elm Grove, oklahoma county, oklahoma.
Source, porch of a sharecropper's cabin, hale county, alabama, summer 1936. The marginal and oppresive economy of sharecropping largely collapsed during the great Depression. Source, kitchen in house of Floyd Burroughs, sharecropper, near moundville, hale county, alabama. Source, part of an impoverished family of nine on a new Mexico highway. Depression refugees from Iowa. Left Iowa in 1932 because of father's ill health. Father an auto mechanic laborer, painter by trade, tubercular.
I went on a date with
There was a sort of resume equality about. (From: Popular Photography, feb. Source, dorothea lange's "Migrant Mother destitute in a pea picker's camp, because of the failure of the early pea crop. These people had just sold their tent in order to buy food. Most of the 2,500 people in this camp were destitute. By the end of the decade there were still 4 million migrants on the road. Source, freight car converted into house in "Little oklahoma california.
Source, gellert, hugo, 1924. During the 1920s the American Communist Party was often a victim at once of government oppression and of its own sectarian struggles, but in the mid-1930s it adopted a "popular front" policy of alliances with liberal organizations. Its membership tripled, but more important still were the thousands of sympathizers who endorsed party-supported causes. Source, demonstration of unemployed, columbus, kansas. Source, a sharecropper's yard, hale county, alabama, summer 1936.
Source, migrant pea pickers camp in the rain. Source, in one of the largest pea camps in California. Source, the photograph that has become known as "Migrant Mother" is one of a series of photographs that Dorothea lange made in February or March of 1936 in Nipomo, california. Lange was concluding a month's trip photographing migratory farm labor around the state for what was then the resettlement Administration. In 1960, lange gave this account of the experience: I saw and approached the hungry and desperate mother, as if drawn by a magnet.
I do not remember how i explained my presence or my camera to her, but I do remember she asked me no questions. I made five exposures, working closer and closer from the same direction. I did not ask her name or her history. She told me her age, that she was thirty-two. She said that they had been living on frozen vegetables from the surrounding fields, and birds that the children killed. She had just sold the tires from her car to buy food. There she sat in that lean- to tent with her children huddled around her, and seemed to know that my pictures might help her, and so she helped.
Helen Keller, the Story of my life, chapter
Source, bud fields and his family. Source, squatter's Camp, route 70, Arkansas, October, 1935. Photographer: Ben Shahn, source, philipinos cutting lettuce, salinas, california, 1935. In order to maximize their ability to exploit farm workers, california employers recruited from China, japan, the Philippines, puerto rico, mexico, the American south, biography and Europe. Source, roadside stand near Birmingham, Alabama, 1936. Source, farmer and sons, dust storm, cimarron county, oklahoma, 1936. The drought that helped cripple agriculture in the Great Depression was the worst in the climatological history of the country. By 1934 it had dessicated the Great Plains, from North dakota to texas, from the mississippi river Valley to the rockies. Vast dust storms swept the region.
Most of the protesters went home, aided by hoover's offer of free passage on the rails. Ten thousand remained behind, among them a hard core of Communists and other organizers. On the morning of July 28, forty protesters tried to reclaim an evacuated building in downtown Washington scheduled for demolition. The city's police chief, pellham Glassford, proposal sympathetic to the marchers, was knocked down by a brick. Glassford's assistant suffered a fractured skull. When rushed by a crowd, two other policemen opened fire. Two of the marchers were killed.
people's savings, they also undermined the ideology of thrift. Source, unemployed men vying for jobs at the American Legion Employment Bureau in Los Angeles during the Great Depression. World War i veterans block the steps of the capital during the bonus March, july 5, 1932 (Underwood and Underwood). In the summer of 1932, in the midst of the Great Depression, world War i veterans seeking early payment of a bonus scheduled for 1945 assembled in Washington to pressure congress and the White house. Hoover resisted the demand for an early bonus. Veterans benefits took up federal budget. Even so, as the bonus Expeditionary force swelled to 60,000 men, the president secretly ordered that its members be given tents, cots, army rations and medical care. In July, the senate rejected the bonus 62.
A photo slogan Essay on the Great Depression. Read a belorussian translation of this page by Uta bayer. Read a danish translation by, excellent Worlds, the trading floor of the new York Stock Exchange just after the crash of 1929. On Black tuesday, october twenty-ninth, the market collapsed. In a single day, sixteen million shares were traded-a record-and thirty billion dollars vanished into thin air. Westinghouse lost two thirds of its September value. Dupont dropped seventy points. The "Era of Get Rich quick" was over. Jack dempsey, america's first millionaire athlete, lost 3 million.
My life as a public health Crisis