Its importance is paramount in all cultures and civilizations. In many parts of the world, it is responsible for providing education, raising funds for worthy causes, and even for backing sovereigns and country leaders in their efforts to guide their nation to prosperity. Negative aspects of religion: Besides the positive roles of religion in a community, there are also some downsides to it, which actually have a destructive influence on the society. Numerous authors have pointed to this side of religion, niccolo machiavelli, karl Marx, richard Dawkins, to name but a few. Religion acts against social change: Social change is not only inevitable but also essential for the progress of society and religion tends to stand in its way. Change is brought through the uprising of masses, protests against unfavorable laws or politics. They sometimes occur through conflict and violence, but at difficult times this can be the only way to bring about much needed social reforms.
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At those times, people turn to religion for consolation and where promise of a brighter future, if not in this world than in the afterlife. When a parent loses a child to illness, accident or crime, they are in need of something to alleviate their pain and to help them make sense of what has happened. Religion helps them work through their pain and find meaning in something that seems totally unjust and undeserved. It is faith that allows them to go on in spite of a terrible loss they had endured. Religion boosts self-confidence: A religious man feels a part of the enormity represented by god; his personality unites with the endless universe becoming enormous, vast and magnificent. As religion teaches that we were created in the image of God, we can hope to be reunited with God in the afterlife which fills editor us with hope and exaltation. Apart from all the functions of religion mentioned above, it also regulates matters of marriage and family; it affects politics and issues of governing countries. Some political leaders like the emperors of China and Japan were sanctified; others like the kings reigning in Medieval France were thought to govern by the right invested in them by god. The religion of Brahmanism upholds and protects the caste system in India. Religious rituals mark all important events of a person's life, including birth, baptism, marriage, death, as well as all the annual festivities such as those celebrating major religious holidays. Consequently, religion is ever present in everyday life, and, as has already been pointed out, it is also deeply involved in the functioning of almost all institutions of a society.
The contribution of priests to the society: In the past, the priests were always among the most educated people in the community. Some of them were trained medical doctors who contributed greatly to the advancement of medicine. Others were talented artists whose works of art can still be seen in churches and temples around the world. Others were responsible for teaching basic literacy and calculus to generations of children who would otherwise be left writing completely uneducated. Priests advocate for charitable causes, raise funds to build schools, hospitals or housing for the homeless. Religion gives sense to suffering in the world: Religion comforts individuals in difficult times when they grieve or suffer in any way. It offers hope to those who are upset, sad or in despair reassuring them that everything would eventually work out fine. People's hopes are sometimes shattered by adversities of life, all they had been planning or endeavoring is lost, and they are condemned to a life of suffering and misery.
If anyone fails to adhere to this code, they would be liable to sanctions, not only from the police and other earthly institutions but from the heaven as well. This implies that some behaviors represent crimes against God along with being crimes against society. Religion also sanctions the social class system that exists in some societies. In India, hinduism supports the strict caste system which mandates interpersonal relations between members of different castes. Religion encourages voluntarism and helps the disadvantaged: people are driven by their religious beliefs to help those in need and to provide assistance and donate their time or money to the poor, ill, or destitute. Religion teaches us that valuable spiritual goals can be attained by doing good deeds and being kind and compassionate to others, especially those in positions inferior to ours. Thus, religion is instrumental in promoting the well-being of vulnerable groups in the society.
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Unity is sometimes accomplished through religious symbols worshiped by people sharing a religious affiliation. The example of this is the holiness given to a common animal such as a cow in Hindu religion. Religion integrates the social values into a meaningful unity: Religion forms a basis for social unity. If a society is to function effectively as a cohesive system all its members should adhere to the same moral code and uphold the same moral values. Many social values originated from religion.friend
Religion teaches us to respect our parents and elders, not to lie or steal, to be faithful to our spouses, to be truthful savage and righteous. Our wishes and desires should be fulfilled in a socially acceptable manner, without inflicting harm or damage on other members of the society. All religions are peaceful and strongly oppose violence; they teach us to be selfless, brave and to sometimes sacrifice our own wellbeing for a greater cause. Religion reinforces social control: Society exerts control over its members through various institutions, one of which is certainly the church. Religion defines what is moral and what is not, and determines a code of conduct expected of all society members.
The emphasis is not placed on a belief in a deity but on rituals and behaviors securing obedience and morality. Religious ceremonies are thought to be more important than the faith itself. Although it is conceivable to define religion as a belief in a divine creature, this is not a prerequisite of all religions. Religions without gods are also possible. For example, buddhism is not centered on the belief in a specific god but rather on the existence of sacred things, or noble truths with practices resulting from them. Nature of Religion: Within the realm of the science of sociology, the term religion has a broader meaning than the one that can be found in theological texts.
All religions are multifaceted as they encompass different aspects of human existence, such as emotional experiences, thoughts and rational responses towards the unexplained phenomena of life. Religious practices include a physiological as well a psychological component, the physiological pertaining to the act of shutting the eyes, gazing towards the sky or heaven, kneeling in prayer, etc., while the psychological involves feelings of being in touch with a holy spirit, having supernatural. It is a psychological necessity to attempt to gain control over everything happening to us, either directly or vicariously through a supernatural being we choose to place our trust. People invest their vital energy into this belief which renders them powerless and at the mercy of supernatural power. The sentiment of sharing common values and being equal to everyone else brought on by participation in religious ceremonies makes people feel more dedicated to a social group and more affectionate in its safekeeping. Individuals empathize with other group members; form a social identity along with a personal one, and as a member of a particular society feel different to members of any other societies, social groups, or populations.
Abortion, birth Control and Contraception: How Religion
Individuals view their position as inferior to that of a higher being and are overwhelmed with feelings of admiration and respect in the presence of such being or when they feel in touch with a higher presence. These emotions are at the source of all worship and religious devotion. As an organized system of beliefs and practices, religion provides a link between humans as earthly beings with limited powers and control over their lives and the superior beings with unlimited power and influence. It allows people not only to relate to each resume other but also to form a connection with a being of supernatural power. Religion covers: a) the domain of emotionally charged beliefs concerning the supernatural which prevail in a cultural group and b) the domain of sacred objects and symbols accompanying these beliefs. Religion can express itself in ritualistic behaviors, sermons, rites of worship, sacrifices offered during religious festivals with participants falling into trance-like states, rituals of initiation, as well as funerals, weddings, and various other aspects of human culture. These practices serve a purpose of establishing a connection to a higher being whose powers are called upon in specific situations humans face in their lives. As opposed to the spiritual side of religion, which is usually accentuated in its definitions, some theorists consider religion as something not outside our worldly, mundane existence, but merely a means of attaining practical goals.
It is shared by members of society, yet it is deeply personal and has a unique place in every person's life. It has the power to unite people around a central idea or belief that is common to all. There have been numerous attempts to define religion, all of which cover certain vital aspects of religion, while an all-encompassing definition seems almost impossible. There has been no consensus on a definition of religion. The existing definitions are either predominantly sociological or philosophical in nature. Religion can be viewed as a belief in supernatural or spiritual beings, or a feeling of being connected to the divine, or as a set of beliefs and practices that members of a culture adhere to, which involves regarding certain creatures as sacred and having. It can be considered as means of surpassing the feeling of solitude, by perceiving oneself to be deeply connected with all the others and with the divine. Religious beliefs and practices unite people into a moral community such as the church. People place their trust fourth into powers greater than their own which are thought to rule and dominate all natural things including human lives.
used to shape the normative behavior of society members. The word religion which usually stands for the sacred or spiritual facet of the human existence, designating a presence of a bond between humans and a higher being, stems from the latin religio, the origins of which are not entirely clear. Modern scholars explain the term religion as being derived from the latin re-ligare which means to reconnect, presumably with a higher power or a supernatural being of some kind. Human practice of religious rituals allows people to bond with powers transcending the mundane which influence human behavior in unexplained ways. Religion involves worship of sacred creatures, supernatural in essence, but it also forms a basis for the development of a sense of obligation to the community, its rulers, and even gods. The notion of faith is fundamental to all religions. Faith entails placing one's confidence or belief into a particular religious system or accepting divine authority. This acceptance goes beyond simple obedience; it is built on the basis of profound personal appreciation of religious teachings. Faith is what makes humans stand out from all other beings on the planet.
It involves belief writing in a higher power or supernatural beings that surpass our ability to comprehend rationally; therefore it provides a link between the humanity and the transcendental or the spiritual world. Religion exerts a significant influence on other institutions of the society as well. It is considered to be extremely powerful, affecting state politics, legislation, and even economics. It is thought to be inherent to human nature which explains its presence from the dawn of humanity. The total number of world's religions exceeds 10000, but the majority of the population is affiliated with one of the most common beliefs: Christianity, judaism, Islam, buddhism, hinduism, taoism, etc. Definition and origins of the term religion: There is no unique definition of religion. It is a question of human spirituality, of shared belief or faith which transcends the rational comprehension of the world that surrounds.
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Religion is one of the oldest institutions of mankind. Members of almost all cultures, from those hardly using any form of literacy to the most developed modern cultures, practice some form of religion. For that reason, religion can be considered universal and short omnipresent. It has been around for centuries, and even ancient human societies were known to have some sort of religious beliefs. Religion is one of the defining features of society, stemming from a deep human need to put sense into things and explain the unknown. It is an important institution upon which society relies for moral and ethical guidance and organization of normative behavior. It is a cultural system concerned with the spiritual aspect of human existence, and as such deals with all things that are divine or sacred.