One example of well-scaffolded writing in science can be found here. One approach that illustrates these steps well is called the teaching and learning Cycle. The teaching and learning Cycle, based on Martin, 2005 in de Oliveira lan, 2014. Challenge 3: Playing guessing Games, the other reason for the challenge with my dissertation was that it was a genre ive never encountered before. So, my awesome adviser. Sarah Tahtinen-Pacheco suggested I study mentor texts and she explicitly modeled paragraph openers for me in the methodology section. I read and made notes of how dissertations were written. In that process, i have noticed to construct knowledge on the topic, generalizations and abstractions were construed through various language resources.
What s on your mind
Challenge 2: Writing Requires Knowledge building. Another reason my dissertation writing proved to be challenging was because it first required me to build ideas and knowledge of the topic I was writing about. I vividly remember sitting down at my desk and starting to write and I had a very rudimentary level of knowledge on that topic. Because the topic was new to me, my writing consisted of eighty percent of reading, thinking and only then writing, typing your thoughts down and revising them constantly. you can say thats its stating zumba the obvious. However, we often do that with ells. Being a writer, also means being a reader and a thinker, an inquirer and a seeker. Implications for ells: we often ask English language learners to write quite prematurely. Supplying them with a set of sentence frames or a graphic organizer is not sufficient if writing requires new knowledge. They need to build the field first, have an experience, develop resume ideas, listen to a guest speaker, read multimodal texts, develop oral language through a series of interactive activities which help students create meaning together, clarify their thinking, and build knowledge together. This phase of the cycle may take several lessons.
Disciplinary literacy is defined as reasoning, thinking, reading, writing, speaking and acting in ways that that discipline values. Science is full of its own set of genres and we dont writers need to borrow from language arts if we want to meet the science standards. The next Generation Science Standards, Practice 8: Obtaining, evaluating and Communicating Information is expecting students to write genres that are intrinsic to science and engineering. Ngss practice 8 (ncr framework, 2012,. The reason for problematizing the familiar and the known genres is to expand students meaning potential (Halliday) or to provide functional diversification (Bayham). If all we ask students to do is only one or two types of genres, we are not expanding students repertoires. This also has implications of how we view language development. The question becomes not how long their sentences are but what they can do with language and which writing spaces they can occupy.
Because its hard work! Instead, i asked to write a poem concerning the communist party to which he agreed. It was a genre i was comfortable with. Exposition required a set of skills that I hadnt developed. Implications for ells: For culturally and linguistically diverse learners in your classrooms, we allow them, out of the goodness of our hearts, to write in genres which they would prefer to ease their way into writing, to ease their stress and anxiety. While you may do that at the beginning of their writing development, it is important to remember that we may be doing a disservice to them. I recommend the three es: Expect they can do it, Explicitly teach a variety of genres, and thus, youll Expand their writing repertoires. If all students do is write poems about the water cycle in science, when will they engage in the disciplinary literacy of writing in ways which the science discipline values?
Grading Multilingual Students Papers: What Are the
Ill share a few personal challenges of being a bicultural writer as well as what influences continue to shape my view of writing. I will also argue for a more complex view of language development for multilingual learners drawing on Systemic Functional Linguistics. Ill provide implications for multilingual learners throughout each point. Those who read my blog know that i am a ukrainian American who grew up in the 70s and 80s in Ukraine which was then called and the ukrainian soviet Socialist Republic. I went to school in the 80s. I always say that half of my education was soviet propaganda.
Despite that, i have always considered myself a creative writer and have written poems about mayakovsky and the communist Party in 10th grade (instead of an exposition with claim and evidence). After emigrating from Ukraine in 1995, i wrote about immigration, the cities i visited, nostalgia, my homeland, and educational inequity of ELs. Then poetry writing came to an abrupt end when I began writing my dissertation and then transitioned to blogging. While poetry was comfortable and cathartic, dissertation writing introduced a wave of challenges, both linguistic and cultural, of which Ill write below. Challenge 1: Comfortable genres, writing a dissertation was challenging for several reasons. First, it goes back to my 10th grade class when a teacher asked me to write an exposition on the communist Party as portrayed in mayakovskys poetry. I hated writing expositions.
But the benefits of plain English dont stop there. They have special relevance to the global expansion dreams of companies. Using plain language helps to address the translation concerns of businesses and their language service providers (LSPs). Plain language helps reduce source content length — which means big savings in translation costs — and improves quality hugely. It goes without saying that when you translate fewer words written well, you also save time. Ask any lsp or translator about what would help them deliver better translations, and source content quality will figure high on their list, which is not surprising.
After all, clean source content in means clean translations out. Plain language is not rocket science. Everyone can achieve success when writing this way, as long as their intention is to inform. The responsibility for translation quality (when looking to translate website content or other marketing materials) begins with global enterprises, not their vendors, and they need to own up by creating clean source content. By ruslana westerlund, ive been thinking about the act of writing for a while now. What does it mean to be a writer? What are the linguistic and cultural challenges to writing for multilingual writers? In this blog, Ill talk about what writing means.
SparkNotes: Frankenstein: Preface and Letters
Connect directly with your readers instead of referring to them in the third person. This goes for both marketing and technical content. Organize the information logically. Its not enough to write clearly. Make sure that that the reader doesnt lose her way on your website or in your help documentation. The above rules save the reader from reverse engineering your text to arrive at the meaning. By writing in plain language, youre not just doing a service to the reader — youre saving your company time and money, and even contributing to increased sales.
Dont be tempted to impress. Use words that readers encounter in their daily lives. If you must use a big, complicated word, provide a definition in the text or link to one. Use the active voice. Say who did what rather than what was being done by whom. Its not only a more direct way of saying things, argumentative but it also uses fewer words than the passive voice. Use you and other pronouns.
accordingly. For instance, if youre writing marketing copy for your company, youre better off using plain English. If youre creating technical documentation for pilots, it may be okay to use aviation jargon. If youre creating technical documentation for a general audience — like a user manual for a camera — the clearer you write, the better. What does it mean to Write in Plain language? At a time when readers are scanning and not really reading, this rule is critical. Even if your reader isnt reading online, youd do well to always remember that the reader is not a very patient creature. Use simple, everyday words.
It would be cool if there were like, an older teen section in the forum for that kind of stuff, though. True, business but a lot of people were complaining. So now we have to do things differently. Glad that you at least agree with those. That sounds like a great idea. I will find a way to bring that up to kaj. ). With content libraries exploding, businesses are worried about how to translate all this content into their target languages more quickly and cheaply. There couldnt be a better time to get the basics of content creation right.
Help, desk Specialist, resume, objectives
Gingivitis wrote: Chandelier wrote: I'm sorry. That rule has always been there though. you can talk about it privately, just not in really public where there's a chance that a few of the younger members can see. I know, i know. It was just never really enforced. The only rules that I feel are agreeable are the bullying ones (criticism, personal attacks, discrimination, etc. and I liked that those ones were enforced.