After the manifesto, some mormons continued to enter into polygamous marriages, but these eventually stopped in 1904 when church president Joseph. Smith disavowed polygamy before congress and issued a " Second Manifesto " calling for all plural marriages in the church to cease. Eventually, the church adopted a policy of excommunicating members found practicing polygamy, and today seeks actively to distance itself from " fundamentalist " groups that continue the practice. 76 Modern times edit further information: Mormonism as a world religion During the early 20th century, mormons began to reintegrate into the American mainstream. In 1929, the mormon Tabernacle Choir began broadcasting a weekly performance on national radio, becoming an asset for public relations. 77 Mormons emphasized patriotism and industry, rising in socioeconomic status from the bottom among American religious denominations to middle-class. S and 1930s, mormons began migrating out of Utah, a trend hurried by the Great Depression, as Mormons looked for work wherever they could find.
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President James Buchanan sent an army to Utah, which Mormons interpreted as open aggression against them. Fearing a repeat of Missouri and Illinois, the mormons prepared to defend themselves, determined to torch their own homes in the case that they were invaded. 70 The relatively peaceful Utah War ensued from 1857 to 1858, in which the most notable instance of violence was the mountain meadows massacre, when leaders of a local Mormon militia ordered the killing of a civilian emigrant party that was traveling through Utah during. 71 In 1858, young agreed to step down from his position as governor and was replaced by a non-Mormon, Alfred Cumming. 72 nevertheless, the lds church still wielded significant political power in the Utah Territory. 73 At young's death in 1877, he was followed by other lds church presidents, who resisted efforts by the United States Congress to outlaw Mormon polygamous marriages. 74 In 1878, the. Supreme court ruled in reynolds. United States that religious duty was not a suitable defense for practicing polygamy, and many mormon polygamists went into hiding; later, congress began seizing church assets. 74 In September 1890, church president Wilford woodruff issued a manifesto that officially suspended the practice of polygamy. 75 Although this Manifesto did not dissolve existing plural marriages, relations with the United States markedly improved after 1890, such that Utah was admitted human as.
62 Many of the business converts came from England and Scandinavia, and were quickly assimilated into the mormon community. 63 Many of these immigrants crossed the Great Plains in wagons drawn by oxen, while some later groups pulled their possessions in small handcarts. During the 1860s, newcomers began using the new railroad that was under construction. 64 In 1852, church leaders publicized the previously secret practice of plural marriage, a form of polygamy. 65 over the next 50 years, many mormons (between 20 and 30 percent of Mormon families) 66 entered into plural marriages as a religious duty, with the number of plural marriages reaching a peak around 1860, and then declining through the rest of the century. 67 Besides the doctrinal reasons for plural marriage, the practice made some economic sense, as many of the plural wives were single women who arrived in Utah without brothers or fathers to offer them societal support. 68 Mormon pioneers crossing the mississippi on the ice by 1857, tensions had again escalated between Mormons and other Americans, largely as a result of accusations involving polygamy and the theocratic rule of the Utah Territory by Brigham young. 69 In 1857,.
55 Smaller groups of Latter day saints followed other leaders to form other denominations of the thesis latter day saint movement. 56 pioneer era edit for two years after Smith's death, conflicts escalated between Mormons and other Illinois residents. To prevent war, Brigham young led the mormon pioneers (constituting most of the latter day saints) to a temporary winter quarters in Nebraska and then, eventually (beginning in 1847 to what became the Utah Territory. 57 having failed to build zion within the confines of American society, the mormons began to construct a society in isolation, based on their beliefs teresa and values. 58 The cooperative ethic that Mormons had developed over the last decade and a half became important as settlers branched out and colonized a large desert region now known as the mormon Corridor. 59 Colonizing efforts were seen as religious duties, and the new villages were governed by the mormon bishops (local lay religious leaders). 60 The mormons viewed land as commonwealth, devising and maintaining a co-operative system of irrigation that allowed them to build a farming community in the desert. to 1852, the mormons greatly expanded their missionary efforts, establishing several missions in Europe, latin America, and the south Pacific. 62 Converts were expected to "gather" to zion, and during young's presidency (184777) over seventy thousand Mormon converts immigrated to America.
46 Smith created a service organization for women called the relief Society, as well as an organization called the council of Fifty, representing a future theodemocratic "Kingdom of God" on the earth. 47 Smith also published the story of his First Vision, in which the father and the son appeared to him while he was about 14 years old. 48 This vision would come to be regarded by some mormons as the most important event in human history after the birth, ministry, and resurrection of Jesus Christ. 49 In 1844, local prejudices and political tensions, fueled by mormon peculiarity and internal dissent, escalated into conflicts between Mormons and "anti-mormons". 50 On June 27, 1844, Smith and his brother Hyrum were killed by a mob in Carthage, illinois. 51 Because hyrum was Smith's logical successor, 52 their deaths caused a succession crisis, 53 and Brigham young assumed leadership over the majority of Latter day saints. 54 young had been a close associate of Smith's and was senior apostle of the quorum of the Twelve.
Lds, church acknowledges Joseph Smith married underage
33 In 1833, missouri settlers, alarmed by the summary rapid influx of Mormons, expelled them from Jackson county into the nearby Clay county, where local residents were more welcoming. 34 After Smith led a mission, known as zion's Camp, to recover the land, 35 he began building Kirtland Temple in lake county, ohio, where the church flourished. 36 When the missouri mormons were later asked to leave clay county in 1836, they secured land in what would become caldwell county. 37 The kirtland era ended in 1838, after the failure of a church-sponsored anti-bank caused widespread defections, 38 and Smith regrouped with the remaining church in Far West, missouri. 39 During the fall of 1838, tensions escalated into the mormon War with the old Missouri settlers.
40 On October 27, the governor of Missouri ordered that the mormons "must be treated as enemies" and be exterminated or driven from the state. 41 Between november and April, some eight thousand displaced Mormons migrated east into Illinois. 42 Joseph Smith preaching to the sac and Fox Indians who visited nauvoo on August 12, 1841 In 1839, the mormons purchased the small town of Commerce, converted swampland on the banks of the mississippi river, and renamed the area nauvoo, illinois 43 and began. The city became the church's new headquarters and gathering place, and it grew rapidly, fueled in part by converts immigrating from Europe. 44 meanwhile, smith introduced temple ceremonies meant to seal families together for eternity, as well as the doctrines of eternal progression or exaltation, 45 and plural marriage.
23 History edit main article: History of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day saints The history of the mormons has shaped them into a people with a strong sense of unity and commonality. 24 From the start, mormons have tried to establish what they call " zion a utopian society of the righteous. 25 Mormon history can be divided into three broad time periods: (1) the early history during the lifetime of Joseph Smith, (2) a "pioneer era" under the leadership of Brigham young and his successors, and (3) a modern era beginning around the turn of the. In the first period, Smith had tried literally to build a city called zion, in which converts could gather. During the pioneer era, zion became a "landscape of villages" in Utah.
In modern times, zion is still an ideal, though Mormons gather together in their individual congregations rather than a central geographic location. 26 Beginnings edit see also: History of the latter day saint movement Mormons trace their origins to the visions that Joseph Smith reported having in the early 1820s while living in upstate new York. 27 In 1823, Smith said an angel directed him to a buried book written on golden plates containing the religious history of an ancient people. 28 Smith published what he said was a translation of these plates in March 1830 as the book of Mormon, named after Mormon, the ancient prophethistorian who compiled the book. On April 6, 1830, Smith founded the Church of Christ. 29 The early church grew westward as Smith sent missionaries to proselytize. 30 In 1831, the church moved to kirtland, Ohio where missionaries had made a large number of converts 31 and Smith began establishing an outpost in Jackson county, missouri, 32 where he planned to eventually build the city of zion (or the new Jerusalem ).
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Due to their high birth and conversion rates, the mormon population has grown significantly in recent decades. The number of members in 1971 was 3,090,953 11 and now in 2017 based on the Annual Report, there are 15,882,417 12 worldwide. 13 14 Contents Terminology edit The word "Mormons" most often refers to members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day saints (lds church) because of their belief in the book of Mormon, though members often refer to themselves as Latter-day saints or sometimes just. 15 The term "Mormons" has been embraced by most adherents of Mormonism, most notably mormon fundamentalists, 16 while other Latter day saint denominations, such as the community of Christ, have rejected. Citation needed both lds church members (or "Latter-day saints and members of fundamentalist groups commonly use the word "Mormon" surgery in reference to themselves. 17 The lds church, however, disagrees with this self-characterization, and encourages the use of the word "Mormon" only friendship in reference to lds church members. 18 Church leaders also encourage members to use the church's full name to emphasize its focus on Jesus Christ. 19 The word "Mormon" is often associated with polygamy (or plural marriage 20 which was a distinguishing practice of many early mormons; however, it was renounced by the lds church in 1890 21 and discontinued over the next 15 years. 22 Today, polygamy is practiced within Mormonism only by people that have broken with the lds church.
Mormons also have a strict law of chastity, requiring abstention from sexual relations outside heterosexual marriage and fidelity within marriage. Mormons dream self-identify as Christian, 9 although some non-Mormons consider Mormons non-Christian 10 and some of their beliefs differ from mainstream Christianity. Mormons believe in the bible, as well as other books of scripture, such as the book of Mormon. They have a unique view of cosmology and believe that all people are spirit-children of God. Mormons believe that returning to god requires following the example of Jesus Christ, and accepting his atonement through ordinances such as baptism. They believe that Christ's church was restored through Joseph Smith and is guided by living prophets and apostles. Central to mormon faith is the belief that God speaks to his children and answers their prayers.
any other continent, though the majority of Mormons live outside the United States. Mormons have developed a strong sense of commonality that stems from their doctrine and history. During the 19th century, mormon converts tended to gather to a central geographic location, and between 18minority of Mormons openly practiced plural marriage, a form of religious polygamy. Mormons dedicate large amounts of time and resources to serving in their church, and many young Mormons choose to serve a full-time proselytizing mission. Mormons have a health code which eschews alcoholic beverages, tobacco, coffee, tea, and other addictive substances. They tend to be very family-oriented and have strong connections across generations and with extended family, reflective of their belief that families can be sealed together beyond death.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day saints. For other uses, see, mormon (disambiguation). Mormons are a religious and cultural group related. Mormonism, the principal branch of the. Latter day saint movement of, restorationist, christianity, initiated by, joseph Smith in upstate new York during the 1820s. After Smith's death in 1844, the mormons followed. Brigham young to what would become the, utah Territory.
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Each Gospel Topic includes a brief overview sharing what Latter-day saints business believe about the topic, links to resources that will help you learn more about the topic, and ideas to help you teach it to others. Learn more about the role of the holy Ghost in your pursuit of truth and how to become a more self-reliant gospel learner. Recognizing that today so much information about The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day saints can be obtained from questionable and often inaccurate sources, officials of the Church began in 2013 to publish straightforward, in-depth essays on a number of topics. This article is about the people known as "Mormons". For the religion, see. For the movement started by joseph Smith, see. Latter day saint movement. For the "Mormon Church see.